Carter G. Woodson was born on December 19, 1875, the son of two former slaves, and is credited with being the ‘father of Black History’. He attended the University of Chicago, and Harvard University, where he was the second black man in history to obtain a doctorate. His studies culminated in the creation of the Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History, an organization that published books and educated people.
In 1926, Woodson organized a week-long celebration of black history. On the 50th anniversary of the celebrations, President Gerald R. Ford expanded this to a month, and named it Black History Month, to be acknowledged every February.
“Seize the opportunity to honor the too-often neglected accomplishments of black Americans in every area of endeavor throughout our history.” President Gerald R. Ford
More information can be found at http://www.africanamericanhistorymonth.gov