Rosa Parks was born on the 4th February 1913, she is regarded as the “mother of the civil rights movement”.
Her refusal to sit in the back of a Montgomery, Alabama, bus on December 1, 1955, ignited a 381-day boycott of the Montgomery bus system. It also led to a 1956 Supreme Court decision banning segregation on public transportation.
Who was Rosa Parks? Born Rosa McCauley in Alabama. At age 20, she married Raymond Parks, who encouraged her to earn her high school diploma. The couple was active in the Montgomery Chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). While working as a tailor’s assistant, Mrs. Parks served as chapter secretary. Later, she advised the NAACP Youth Council. Denied the right to vote on at least two occasions because of her race, Rosa Parks also worked with the Voters League to prepare blacks to register to vote.
Rosa Parks received a Congressional Gold Medal in 1999 and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1996, she was sought out by world leaders, popes and politicians as a symbol of quiet resistance and strength. A statue of her stands in the U.S. Capitol.
In honor of Rosa Parks the Library of Congress in Washington D.C. will open the “Rosa Parks Collection” formally to researchers on Feb. 4. The treasure trove she left behind — a collection of approximately 7,500 manuscripts and 2,500 photographs, the collection is on loan to the Library for 10 years from the Howard G. Buffett Foundation. A small exhibit is planned for March. All the items will be digitized and posted online.
A Guide to Materials for Rosa Parks
January 9th, 2015 Library of Congress News: Co-Founder of Rosa & Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development To Share Recollections of Civil Rights Icon