From April 27-May 22 the international community will gather at the United Nations for the five year review of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). Since its entry into force in 1970 the NPT has become the most important multilateral treaty on nuclear weapons to which almost every country in the world has subscribed. At the Review Conference, the United States will reaffirm its commitment to nuclear nonproliferation and a world free of nuclear weapons, and support for peaceful uses of nuclear energy for development.
The treaty remains critical to our common security as an essential foundation for efforts to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, to achieve the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons, and to promote the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. These three mutually reinforcing “pillars” benefit all NPT Parties and U.S. intends to strengthen them at this year’s Review Conference. We see the Review Conference as an opportunity to pursue a positive agenda that builds on the success of the 2010 Review Conference, reaffirm the Action Plan agreed in 2010, take stock of its implementation and enhance it where possible. The United States is committed to achieving a successful Review Conference. We look forward to working with all parties to advance realistic achievable objectives. We hope others will approach the Review Conference similarly and focus on concrete measures to strengthen all three pillars of the NPT that command consensus.
There are three factsheets for each pillar (nonproliferation, disarmament, and peaceful uses) as well as topical fact sheets available at www.state.gov/npt.
“It Takes a World to Strengthen the NPT” a State Department produced video can be found here.